summaryrefslogtreecommitdiffstats
path: root/docs
diff options
context:
space:
mode:
authorPeter Hanson <peterh@google.com>2017-07-17 18:02:22 -0700
committerBrad Bishop <bradleyb@fuzziesquirrel.com>2017-11-30 13:08:35 +0000
commit3f2ed8e83690dffe1176212c6441bbe64e20ef92 (patch)
tree1afe53a51c121bdaec7fd38849e7e0b55c0f6ff4 /docs
parentdd64620da4f560466936752522c1878189cf6c87 (diff)
downloadphosphor-host-ipmid-3f2ed8e83690dffe1176212c6441bbe64e20ef92.tar.gz
phosphor-host-ipmid-3f2ed8e83690dffe1176212c6441bbe64e20ef92.zip
Document OpenBMC OEM Extension Numbering
Includes table of OpenBMC OEM Extension command codes, and describes message layout of I2C extension. Change-Id: Idafce7959348fca1e072c0bad09b58bf6c6931ab Signed-off-by: Peter Hanson <peterh@google.com>
Diffstat (limited to 'docs')
-rw-r--r--docs/oem-extension-numbering.md172
1 files changed, 172 insertions, 0 deletions
diff --git a/docs/oem-extension-numbering.md b/docs/oem-extension-numbering.md
new file mode 100644
index 0000000..f6ff569
--- /dev/null
+++ b/docs/oem-extension-numbering.md
@@ -0,0 +1,172 @@
+# Sketch of OpenBMC OEM message formats
+
+This document describes OEM Requests to be supported using the OpenBMC
+OEM Number.
+
+### What's in the box?
+
+* Briefly recap OEM Extension layout as described in IPMI Specification.
+* Enumerate Command codes allocated for use with the OpenBMC OEM Number.
+* For each such code, describe the associated messages, including
+ representation, function, meaning, limits, and so on.
+
+### OEM Extensions, Block Transfer Transport Example.
+
+This table and the next briefly recap OEM Extension messages as
+described in the
+[IPMI Specification](
+http://www.intel.com/content/www/us/en/servers/ipmi/ipmi-second-gen-interface-spec-v2-rev1-1.html).
+To keep it both simple and concrete, only BT Tansport is described.
+Please consult that specification for the full story.
+
+#### OEM Request
+
+Per section 11.1 of IPMI Spec
+
+| Bytes | Bits | Spec ID | Value | Description
+| :---: | ---: | :------ | :---: | :----------
+| 0 | | Length* | - | Number of bytes to follow in this request
+| 1 | 2:7 | NetFn | 0x2E | OEM Request
+| 1 | 0:1 | LUN | - | Allow any LUN
+| 2 | | Seq* | - | Per section 11.3 of IPMI Spec
+| 3 | | Cmd | - | Table 3 - OpenBMC Cmd Codes
+| 4 ~ 6 | | OEN | 49871 | OEM Enterprise Number
+| 2 ~ n+6 | | Data | - | n data bytes, encoding depends on Cmd
+
+Notes:
+
+* Length and Seq are specific to BT transport - other transports may not
+ have them.
+
+* Serialize numbers larger than 1 byte LSB first - e.g.,
+ represent OEM Enterprise Number 49871 as `{0xcf, 0xc2, 0x00}`
+
+#### OEM Response
+
+Per section 11.2 of IPMI Spec
+
+| Bytes | Bits | Spec ID | Value | Description
+| :---: | ---: | :------ | :---: | :----------
+| 0 | | Length* | - | Number of bytes to follow in this response
+| 1 | 2:7 | NetFn | 0x2F | OEM Response
+| 1 | 0:1 | LUN | - | LUN of request to which this is a response
+| 2 | | Seq* | - | Seq of request to which this is a response
+| 3 | | Cmd | - | Cmd code of request to which this is a response
+| 4 | | CC | - | Completion code, Section 5.2 of IPMI Spec v2.0
+| 5 ~ 7 | | OEN | 49871 | OEM Enterprise Number
+| 8 ~ n+7 | | Data | - | n data bytes, encoding depends on Cmd
+
+### OpenBMC OEM Cmd Codes
+
+```
+/*
+ * This is the OpenBMC IANA OEM Number
+ */
+constexpr OemNumber obmcOemNumber = 49871;
+```
+
+These are the Command codes allocated for use with the OpenBMC OEM Number.
+
+| Cmd | Identifier | Description
+| :---: | :--- | :---
+| 0 | - | Reserved
+| 1 | gpioCmd | GPIO Access
+| 2 | i2cCmd | I2C Device Access
+| 3 | flashCmd | Flash Device Access
+| 4 | fanManualCmd | Manual Fan Controls
+| 5 ~ 255 | - | Unallocated
+
+### I2C Device Access (Command 2)
+
+The next subsections describe command and response messages supporting
+the I2C Device Access extension OpenBMC OEM extenstion (command code 2).
+
+#### I2C Request Message - Overall
+
+| Bytes | Bits | Identifier | Description
+| :---: | :--- | :--- | :---
+| 0 | | bus | Logical I2C bus.
+| 1 | | xferFlags | Flags for all steps.
+| | 7 | I2cFlagUsePec | 1 => use PEC - see note.
+| | 6:0 | | Reserved(0)
+| 2 ~ n-1 | | | Step sequence - see next.
+
+Notes
+
+* Total length of step sequence must exactly fill request.
+
+* Intent is to handle [Linux Kernel SMBus Protocol](https://www.kernel.org/doc/Documentation/i2c/smbus-protocol),
+with com generalized to m byte sequence - e.g., at24c64 uses 2 address bytes,
+and n bytes of received data,
+rather than specific operations for various sizes.
+
+* Goal is to support SMBus v2 32-byte data block length limit;
+but easily supports new 4 and 8 byte transfers added for
+[SMBus v3](http://smbus.org/specs/SMBus_3_0_20141220.pdf).
+
+* PEC refers to SMBus Packet Error Check.
+
+* SMBus address resolution, alerts, and non-standard protocols not supported.
+So for example, there is no way to insert a stop command within a transfer.
+
+* Depending on options, i2cdetect uses either quick write or 1 byte read;
+default is 1-byte read for eeprom/spd memory ranges, else quick write.
+
+#### I2C Request Message - Step Properties
+
+| Bytes | Bits | Identifier | Description
+| :---: | :---: | :--- | :---
+| 0 | | devAndDir
+| | 7:1 | dev | 7-bit I2C device address.
+| | 0 | isRead | 1 = read, 0 = write.
+| 1 | | stepFlags
+| | 7 | i2cFlagRecvLen | 1 if block read, else regular; see table.
+| | 6 | i2cFlagNoStart | 1 to suppress I2C start.
+| | 5:0 | | Reserved(0)
+| 2 | | p | Count parameter; see table
+| 3:m+2 | | wrPayload | Nonempty iff p supplies nonzero m; see table.
+
+##### Allowed step property combinations
+
+| is_read | RecvLen | p | Size | Description
+| :---: | :---: | :---: | :--- | :---
+| 0 | 0 | 0 | 3 | Quick write 0; same as write m=0 bytes.
+| 0 | 0 | m | m+3 | Consume and write next m bytes.
+| 0 | 1 | - | 3 | Reserved.
+| 1 | 0 | 0 | 3 | Quick write 1; same as read n=0 bytes.
+| 1 | 0 | n | 3 | Read n bytes.
+| 1 | 1 | - | 3 | Read count from device.
+
+Notes
+
+* All other combinations are reserved.
+
+* RecvLen corresponds to Linux
+[I2C_M_RECV_LEN message flags bit](http://elixir.free-electrons.com/linux/v4.10.17/source/include/uapi/linux/i2c.h#L78)
+
+* Transfers include byte count in SMBUS block modes, and
+ PEC byte when selected. Allows for use with SMBUS compatibility layer.
+
+* In case of write steps, wrPayload may include:
+ * register address byte or bytes;
+ * count byte if implementing SMBUS block or call operation;
+ * up to 32 bytes of logical payload; and
+ * PEC byte.
+
+#### I2C Response Message
+
+| Bytes | Identifier | Size | Description
+| :---: | :--- | :---: | :---
+| 0:n-1 | rd_data | 0 ~ 34 | byte sequence read
+
+Notes
+
+* Maximum logical payload is 32.
+
+* In the unlikely event a transfer specifies multiple read steps,
+ all bytes read are simply concatenated in the order read.
+
+* However, maximum reply limit is sized for the largest single read.
+
+* RecvLen case w/ PEC can return up to 34 bytes:
+ count + payload + PEC
OpenPOWER on IntegriCloud