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authorSimon Glass <sjg@chromium.org>2014-11-12 22:42:21 -0700
committerSimon Glass <sjg@chromium.org>2014-11-21 07:34:14 +0100
commit77f9b1fb6244878ab4aab342a814880d17253b75 (patch)
tree9aec72ab40799b06370e588d8063b0dfdbc9d755
parent94060ff278e3ed4d91e4605701231d194a5013a3 (diff)
downloadblackbird-obmc-uboot-77f9b1fb6244878ab4aab342a814880d17253b75.tar.gz
blackbird-obmc-uboot-77f9b1fb6244878ab4aab342a814880d17253b75.zip
x86: ivybridge: Perform Intel microcode update on boot
Microcode updates are stored in the device tree. Work through these and apply any that are needed. Signed-off-by: Simon Glass <sjg@chromium.org>
-rw-r--r--arch/x86/cpu/ivybridge/Makefile1
-rw-r--r--arch/x86/cpu/ivybridge/cpu.c5
-rw-r--r--arch/x86/cpu/ivybridge/microcode_intel.c151
-rw-r--r--arch/x86/include/asm/arch-ivybridge/microcode.h20
-rw-r--r--include/fdtdec.h1
-rw-r--r--lib/fdtdec.c1
6 files changed, 179 insertions, 0 deletions
diff --git a/arch/x86/cpu/ivybridge/Makefile b/arch/x86/cpu/ivybridge/Makefile
index 4b77c9cd83..74f01e87bd 100644
--- a/arch/x86/cpu/ivybridge/Makefile
+++ b/arch/x86/cpu/ivybridge/Makefile
@@ -7,5 +7,6 @@
obj-y += car.o
obj-y += cpu.o
obj-y += lpc.o
+obj-y += microcode_intel.o
obj-y += pci.o
obj-y += sdram.o
diff --git a/arch/x86/cpu/ivybridge/cpu.c b/arch/x86/cpu/ivybridge/cpu.c
index 6a242d7c8b..0aca2f02a7 100644
--- a/arch/x86/cpu/ivybridge/cpu.c
+++ b/arch/x86/cpu/ivybridge/cpu.c
@@ -21,6 +21,7 @@
#include <asm/post.h>
#include <asm/processor.h>
#include <asm/arch/model_206ax.h>
+#include <asm/arch/microcode.h>
#include <asm/arch/pch.h>
DECLARE_GLOBAL_DATA_PTR;
@@ -200,6 +201,10 @@ int print_cpuinfo(void)
if (ret)
return ret;
+ ret = microcode_update_intel();
+ if (ret && ret != -ENOENT && ret != -EEXIST)
+ return ret;
+
/* Print processor name */
name = cpu_get_name(processor_name);
printf("CPU: %s\n", name);
diff --git a/arch/x86/cpu/ivybridge/microcode_intel.c b/arch/x86/cpu/ivybridge/microcode_intel.c
new file mode 100644
index 0000000000..8c11a6351f
--- /dev/null
+++ b/arch/x86/cpu/ivybridge/microcode_intel.c
@@ -0,0 +1,151 @@
+/*
+ * Copyright (c) 2014 Google, Inc
+ * Copyright (C) 2000 Ronald G. Minnich
+ *
+ * Microcode update for Intel PIII and later CPUs
+ *
+ * SPDX-License-Identifier: GPL-2.0
+ */
+
+#include <common.h>
+#include <errno.h>
+#include <fdtdec.h>
+#include <libfdt.h>
+#include <asm/cpu.h>
+#include <asm/msr.h>
+#include <asm/processor.h>
+
+/**
+ * struct microcode_update - standard microcode header from Intel
+ *
+ * We read this information out of the device tree and use it to determine
+ * whether the update is applicable or not. We also use the same structure
+ * to read information from the CPU.
+ */
+struct microcode_update {
+ uint header_version;
+ uint update_revision;
+ uint date_code;
+ uint processor_signature;
+ uint checksum;
+ uint loader_revision;
+ uint processor_flags;
+ const void *data;
+ int size;
+};
+
+static int microcode_decode_node(const void *blob, int node,
+ struct microcode_update *update)
+{
+ update->data = fdt_getprop(blob, node, "data", &update->size);
+ if (!update->data)
+ return -EINVAL;
+
+ update->header_version = fdtdec_get_int(blob, node,
+ "intel,header-version", 0);
+ update->update_revision = fdtdec_get_int(blob, node,
+ "intel,update-revision", 0);
+ update->date_code = fdtdec_get_int(blob, node,
+ "intel,date-code", 0);
+ update->processor_signature = fdtdec_get_int(blob, node,
+ "intel.processor-signature", 0);
+ update->checksum = fdtdec_get_int(blob, node, "intel,checksum", 0);
+ update->loader_revision = fdtdec_get_int(blob, node,
+ "loader-revision", 0);
+ update->processor_flags = fdtdec_get_int(blob, node,
+ "processor-flags", 0);
+
+ return 0;
+}
+
+static uint32_t microcode_read_rev(void)
+{
+ /*
+ * Some Intel CPUs can be very finicky about the CPUID sequence used.
+ * So this is implemented in assembly so that it works reliably.
+ */
+ uint32_t low, high;
+
+ asm volatile (
+ "xorl %%eax, %%eax\n"
+ "xorl %%edx, %%edx\n"
+ "movl $0x8b, %%ecx\n"
+ "wrmsr\n"
+ "movl $0x01, %%eax\n"
+ "cpuid\n"
+ "movl $0x8b, %%ecx\n"
+ "rdmsr\n"
+ : /* outputs */
+ "=a" (low), "=d" (high)
+ : /* inputs */
+ : /* clobbers */
+ "ebx", "ecx"
+ );
+
+ return high;
+}
+
+static void microcode_read_cpu(struct microcode_update *cpu)
+{
+ /* CPUID sets MSR 0x8B iff a microcode update has been loaded. */
+ unsigned int x86_model, x86_family;
+ struct cpuid_result result;
+ uint32_t low, high;
+
+ wrmsr(0x8b, 0, 0);
+ result = cpuid(1);
+ rdmsr(0x8b, low, cpu->update_revision);
+ x86_model = (result.eax >> 4) & 0x0f;
+ x86_family = (result.eax >> 8) & 0x0f;
+ cpu->processor_signature = result.eax;
+
+ cpu->processor_flags = 0;
+ if ((x86_model >= 5) || (x86_family > 6)) {
+ rdmsr(0x17, low, high);
+ cpu->processor_flags = 1 << ((high >> 18) & 7);
+ }
+ debug("microcode: sig=%#x pf=%#x revision=%#x\n",
+ cpu->processor_signature, cpu->processor_flags,
+ cpu->update_revision);
+}
+
+/* Get a microcode update from the device tree and apply it */
+int microcode_update_intel(void)
+{
+ struct microcode_update cpu, update;
+ const void *blob = gd->fdt_blob;
+ int count;
+ int node;
+ int ret;
+
+ microcode_read_cpu(&cpu);
+ node = 0;
+ count = 0;
+ do {
+ node = fdtdec_next_compatible(blob, node,
+ COMPAT_INTEL_MICROCODE);
+ if (node < 0) {
+ debug("%s: Found %d updates\n", __func__, count);
+ return count ? 0 : -ENOENT;
+ }
+
+ ret = microcode_decode_node(blob, node, &update);
+ if (ret) {
+ debug("%s: Unable to decode update: %d\n", __func__,
+ ret);
+ return ret;
+ }
+ if (update.processor_signature == cpu.processor_signature &&
+ (update.processor_flags & cpu.processor_flags)) {
+ debug("%s: Update already exists\n", __func__);
+ return -EEXIST;
+ }
+
+ wrmsr(0x79, (ulong)update.data, 0);
+ debug("microcode: updated to revision 0x%x date=%04x-%02x-%02x\n",
+ microcode_read_rev(), update.date_code & 0xffff,
+ (update.date_code >> 24) & 0xff,
+ (update.date_code >> 16) & 0xff);
+ count++;
+ } while (1);
+}
diff --git a/arch/x86/include/asm/arch-ivybridge/microcode.h b/arch/x86/include/asm/arch-ivybridge/microcode.h
new file mode 100644
index 0000000000..bc9b87c44c
--- /dev/null
+++ b/arch/x86/include/asm/arch-ivybridge/microcode.h
@@ -0,0 +1,20 @@
+/*
+ * Copyright (c) 2015 Google, Inc
+ *
+ * SPDX-License-Identifier: GPL-2.0+
+ */
+
+#ifndef __ASM_ARCH_MICROCODE_H
+#define __ASM_ARCH_MICROCODE_H
+
+/**
+ * microcode_update_intel() - Apply microcode updates
+ *
+ * Applies any microcode updates in the device tree.
+ *
+ * @return 0 if OK, -EEXIST if the updates were already applied, -ENOENT if
+ * not updates were found, -EINVAL if an update was invalid
+ */
+int microcode_update_intel(void);
+
+#endif
diff --git a/include/fdtdec.h b/include/fdtdec.h
index 6b4000623d..3bd60b7f12 100644
--- a/include/fdtdec.h
+++ b/include/fdtdec.h
@@ -118,6 +118,7 @@ enum fdt_compat_id {
COMPAT_SAMSUNG_EXYNOS_SYSMMU, /* Exynos sysmmu */
COMPAT_PARADE_PS8625, /* Parade PS8622 EDP->LVDS bridge */
COMPAT_INTEL_LPC, /* Intel Low Pin Count I/F */
+ COMPAT_INTEL_MICROCODE, /* Intel microcode update */
COMPAT_COUNT,
};
diff --git a/lib/fdtdec.c b/lib/fdtdec.c
index 4aa227a0c3..9a68f9ca15 100644
--- a/lib/fdtdec.c
+++ b/lib/fdtdec.c
@@ -73,6 +73,7 @@ static const char * const compat_names[COMPAT_COUNT] = {
COMPAT(SAMSUNG_EXYNOS_SYSMMU, "samsung,sysmmu-v3.3"),
COMPAT(PARADE_PS8625, "parade,ps8625"),
COMPAT(COMPAT_INTEL_LPC, "intel,lpc"),
+ COMPAT(INTEL_MICROCODE, "intel,microcode"),
};
const char *fdtdec_get_compatible(enum fdt_compat_id id)
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