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authorBin Meng <bmeng.cn@gmail.com>2014-11-09 22:18:56 +0800
committerSimon Glass <sjg@chromium.org>2014-11-21 07:24:10 +0100
commit52f952bf5ecebc1de01269557591bad4ac62a01a (patch)
tree7a4c120112d12c48ef2e8f881dd4f67f79e04d86
parentf67cd51e654ba6498230314b6e82b4dbbd4bfca7 (diff)
downloadblackbird-obmc-uboot-52f952bf5ecebc1de01269557591bad4ac62a01a.tar.gz
blackbird-obmc-uboot-52f952bf5ecebc1de01269557591bad4ac62a01a.zip
x86: Do CPU identification in the early phase
The CPU identification happens in x86_cpu_init_f() and corresponding fields are saved in the global data for later use. Signed-off-by: Bin Meng <bmeng.cn@gmail.com>
-rw-r--r--arch/x86/cpu/cpu.c272
-rw-r--r--arch/x86/include/asm/cpu.h168
-rw-r--r--arch/x86/include/asm/global_data.h5
3 files changed, 398 insertions, 47 deletions
diff --git a/arch/x86/cpu/cpu.c b/arch/x86/cpu/cpu.c
index 6441dde8b7..a4e639dcf3 100644
--- a/arch/x86/cpu/cpu.c
+++ b/arch/x86/cpu/cpu.c
@@ -13,6 +13,9 @@
* Sysgo Real-Time Solutions, GmbH <www.elinos.com>
* Alex Zuepke <azu@sysgo.de>
*
+ * Part of this file is adapted from coreboot
+ * src/arch/x86/lib/cpu.c
+ *
* SPDX-License-Identifier: GPL-2.0+
*/
@@ -27,6 +30,8 @@
#include <asm/interrupt.h>
#include <linux/compiler.h>
+DECLARE_GLOBAL_DATA_PTR;
+
/*
* Constructor for a conventional segment GDT (or LDT) entry
* This is a macro so it can be used in initialisers
@@ -43,6 +48,52 @@ struct gdt_ptr {
u32 ptr;
} __packed;
+struct cpu_device_id {
+ unsigned vendor;
+ unsigned device;
+};
+
+struct cpuinfo_x86 {
+ uint8_t x86; /* CPU family */
+ uint8_t x86_vendor; /* CPU vendor */
+ uint8_t x86_model;
+ uint8_t x86_mask;
+};
+
+/*
+ * List of cpu vendor strings along with their normalized
+ * id values.
+ */
+static struct {
+ int vendor;
+ const char *name;
+} x86_vendors[] = {
+ { X86_VENDOR_INTEL, "GenuineIntel", },
+ { X86_VENDOR_CYRIX, "CyrixInstead", },
+ { X86_VENDOR_AMD, "AuthenticAMD", },
+ { X86_VENDOR_UMC, "UMC UMC UMC ", },
+ { X86_VENDOR_NEXGEN, "NexGenDriven", },
+ { X86_VENDOR_CENTAUR, "CentaurHauls", },
+ { X86_VENDOR_RISE, "RiseRiseRise", },
+ { X86_VENDOR_TRANSMETA, "GenuineTMx86", },
+ { X86_VENDOR_TRANSMETA, "TransmetaCPU", },
+ { X86_VENDOR_NSC, "Geode by NSC", },
+ { X86_VENDOR_SIS, "SiS SiS SiS ", },
+};
+
+static const char *const x86_vendor_name[] = {
+ [X86_VENDOR_INTEL] = "Intel",
+ [X86_VENDOR_CYRIX] = "Cyrix",
+ [X86_VENDOR_AMD] = "AMD",
+ [X86_VENDOR_UMC] = "UMC",
+ [X86_VENDOR_NEXGEN] = "NexGen",
+ [X86_VENDOR_CENTAUR] = "Centaur",
+ [X86_VENDOR_RISE] = "Rise",
+ [X86_VENDOR_TRANSMETA] = "Transmeta",
+ [X86_VENDOR_NSC] = "NSC",
+ [X86_VENDOR_SIS] = "SiS",
+};
+
static void load_ds(u32 segment)
{
asm volatile("movl %0, %%ds" : : "r" (segment * X86_GDT_ENTRY_SIZE));
@@ -115,6 +166,128 @@ int __weak x86_cleanup_before_linux(void)
return 0;
}
+/*
+ * Cyrix CPUs without cpuid or with cpuid not yet enabled can be detected
+ * by the fact that they preserve the flags across the division of 5/2.
+ * PII and PPro exhibit this behavior too, but they have cpuid available.
+ */
+
+/*
+ * Perform the Cyrix 5/2 test. A Cyrix won't change
+ * the flags, while other 486 chips will.
+ */
+static inline int test_cyrix_52div(void)
+{
+ unsigned int test;
+
+ __asm__ __volatile__(
+ "sahf\n\t" /* clear flags (%eax = 0x0005) */
+ "div %b2\n\t" /* divide 5 by 2 */
+ "lahf" /* store flags into %ah */
+ : "=a" (test)
+ : "0" (5), "q" (2)
+ : "cc");
+
+ /* AH is 0x02 on Cyrix after the divide.. */
+ return (unsigned char) (test >> 8) == 0x02;
+}
+
+/*
+ * Detect a NexGen CPU running without BIOS hypercode new enough
+ * to have CPUID. (Thanks to Herbert Oppmann)
+ */
+
+static int deep_magic_nexgen_probe(void)
+{
+ int ret;
+
+ __asm__ __volatile__ (
+ " movw $0x5555, %%ax\n"
+ " xorw %%dx,%%dx\n"
+ " movw $2, %%cx\n"
+ " divw %%cx\n"
+ " movl $0, %%eax\n"
+ " jnz 1f\n"
+ " movl $1, %%eax\n"
+ "1:\n"
+ : "=a" (ret) : : "cx", "dx");
+ return ret;
+}
+
+static bool has_cpuid(void)
+{
+ return flag_is_changeable_p(X86_EFLAGS_ID);
+}
+
+static int build_vendor_name(char *vendor_name)
+{
+ struct cpuid_result result;
+ result = cpuid(0x00000000);
+ unsigned int *name_as_ints = (unsigned int *)vendor_name;
+
+ name_as_ints[0] = result.ebx;
+ name_as_ints[1] = result.edx;
+ name_as_ints[2] = result.ecx;
+
+ return result.eax;
+}
+
+static void identify_cpu(struct cpu_device_id *cpu)
+{
+ char vendor_name[16];
+ int i;
+
+ vendor_name[0] = '\0'; /* Unset */
+
+ /* Find the id and vendor_name */
+ if (!has_cpuid()) {
+ /* Its a 486 if we can modify the AC flag */
+ if (flag_is_changeable_p(X86_EFLAGS_AC))
+ cpu->device = 0x00000400; /* 486 */
+ else
+ cpu->device = 0x00000300; /* 386 */
+ if ((cpu->device == 0x00000400) && test_cyrix_52div()) {
+ memcpy(vendor_name, "CyrixInstead", 13);
+ /* If we ever care we can enable cpuid here */
+ }
+ /* Detect NexGen with old hypercode */
+ else if (deep_magic_nexgen_probe())
+ memcpy(vendor_name, "NexGenDriven", 13);
+ }
+ if (has_cpuid()) {
+ int cpuid_level;
+
+ cpuid_level = build_vendor_name(vendor_name);
+ vendor_name[12] = '\0';
+
+ /* Intel-defined flags: level 0x00000001 */
+ if (cpuid_level >= 0x00000001) {
+ cpu->device = cpuid_eax(0x00000001);
+ } else {
+ /* Have CPUID level 0 only unheard of */
+ cpu->device = 0x00000400;
+ }
+ }
+ cpu->vendor = X86_VENDOR_UNKNOWN;
+ for (i = 0; i < ARRAY_SIZE(x86_vendors); i++) {
+ if (memcmp(vendor_name, x86_vendors[i].name, 12) == 0) {
+ cpu->vendor = x86_vendors[i].vendor;
+ break;
+ }
+ }
+}
+
+static inline void get_fms(struct cpuinfo_x86 *c, uint32_t tfms)
+{
+ c->x86 = (tfms >> 8) & 0xf;
+ c->x86_model = (tfms >> 4) & 0xf;
+ c->x86_mask = tfms & 0xf;
+ if (c->x86 == 0xf)
+ c->x86 += (tfms >> 20) & 0xff;
+ if (c->x86 >= 0x6)
+ c->x86_model += ((tfms >> 16) & 0xF) << 4;
+}
+
int x86_cpu_init_f(void)
{
const u32 em_rst = ~X86_CR0_EM;
@@ -128,6 +301,20 @@ int x86_cpu_init_f(void)
"movl %%eax, %%cr0\n" \
: : "i" (em_rst), "i" (mp_ne_set) : "eax");
+ /* identify CPU via cpuid and store the decoded info into gd->arch */
+ if (has_cpuid()) {
+ struct cpu_device_id cpu;
+ struct cpuinfo_x86 c;
+
+ identify_cpu(&cpu);
+ get_fms(&c, cpu.device);
+ gd->arch.x86 = c.x86;
+ gd->arch.x86_vendor = cpu.vendor;
+ gd->arch.x86_model = c.x86_model;
+ gd->arch.x86_mask = c.x86_mask;
+ gd->arch.x86_device = cpu.device;
+ }
+
return 0;
}
@@ -277,66 +464,65 @@ void cpu_disable_paging_pae(void)
: "eax");
}
-static bool has_cpuid(void)
+static bool can_detect_long_mode(void)
{
- unsigned long flag;
-
- asm volatile("pushf\n" \
- "pop %%eax\n"
- "mov %%eax, %%ecx\n" /* ecx = flags */
- "xor %1, %%eax\n"
- "push %%eax\n"
- "popf\n" /* flags ^= $2 */
- "pushf\n"
- "pop %%eax\n" /* eax = flags */
- "push %%ecx\n"
- "popf\n" /* flags = ecx */
- "xor %%ecx, %%eax\n"
- "mov %%eax, %0"
- : "=r" (flag)
- : "i" (1 << 21)
- : "eax", "ecx", "memory");
+ return cpuid_eax(0x80000000) > 0x80000000UL;
+}
- return flag != 0;
+static bool has_long_mode(void)
+{
+ return cpuid_edx(0x80000001) & (1 << 29) ? true : false;
}
-static bool can_detect_long_mode(void)
+int cpu_has_64bit(void)
{
- unsigned long flag;
+ return has_cpuid() && can_detect_long_mode() &&
+ has_long_mode();
+}
- asm volatile("mov $0x80000000, %%eax\n"
- "cpuid\n"
- "mov %%eax, %0"
- : "=r" (flag)
- :
- : "eax", "ebx", "ecx", "edx", "memory");
+const char *cpu_vendor_name(int vendor)
+{
+ const char *name;
+ name = "<invalid cpu vendor>";
+ if ((vendor < (ARRAY_SIZE(x86_vendor_name))) &&
+ (x86_vendor_name[vendor] != 0))
+ name = x86_vendor_name[vendor];
- return flag > 0x80000000UL;
+ return name;
}
-static bool has_long_mode(void)
+void fill_processor_name(char *processor_name)
{
- unsigned long flag;
+ struct cpuid_result regs;
+ char temp_processor_name[49];
+ char *processor_name_start;
+ unsigned int *name_as_ints = (unsigned int *)temp_processor_name;
+ int i;
- asm volatile("mov $0x80000001, %%eax\n"
- "cpuid\n"
- "mov %%edx, %0"
- : "=r" (flag)
- :
- : "eax", "ebx", "ecx", "edx", "memory");
+ for (i = 0; i < 3; i++) {
+ regs = cpuid(0x80000002 + i);
+ name_as_ints[i * 4 + 0] = regs.eax;
+ name_as_ints[i * 4 + 1] = regs.ebx;
+ name_as_ints[i * 4 + 2] = regs.ecx;
+ name_as_ints[i * 4 + 3] = regs.edx;
+ }
- return flag & (1 << 29) ? true : false;
-}
+ temp_processor_name[48] = 0;
-int cpu_has_64bit(void)
-{
- return has_cpuid() && can_detect_long_mode() &&
- has_long_mode();
+ /* Skip leading spaces. */
+ processor_name_start = temp_processor_name;
+ while (*processor_name_start == ' ')
+ processor_name_start++;
+
+ memset(processor_name, 0, 49);
+ strcpy(processor_name, processor_name_start);
}
int print_cpuinfo(void)
{
- printf("CPU: %s\n", cpu_has_64bit() ? "x86_64" : "x86");
+ printf("CPU: %s, vendor %s, device %xh\n",
+ cpu_has_64bit() ? "x86_64" : "x86",
+ cpu_vendor_name(gd->arch.x86_vendor), gd->arch.x86_device);
return 0;
}
diff --git a/arch/x86/include/asm/cpu.h b/arch/x86/include/asm/cpu.h
index 6c6774af76..89b748b392 100644
--- a/arch/x86/include/asm/cpu.h
+++ b/arch/x86/include/asm/cpu.h
@@ -1,16 +1,160 @@
/*
* Copyright (c) 2014 The Chromium OS Authors.
*
+ * Part of this file is adapted from coreboot
+ * src/arch/x86/include/arch/cpu.h and
+ * src/arch/x86/lib/cpu.c
+ *
* SPDX-License-Identifier: GPL-2.0+
*/
-#ifndef __X86_CPU_H
-#define __X86_CPU_H
+#ifndef _ASM_CPU_H
+#define _ASM_CPU_H
+
+enum {
+ X86_VENDOR_INVALID = 0,
+ X86_VENDOR_INTEL,
+ X86_VENDOR_CYRIX,
+ X86_VENDOR_AMD,
+ X86_VENDOR_UMC,
+ X86_VENDOR_NEXGEN,
+ X86_VENDOR_CENTAUR,
+ X86_VENDOR_RISE,
+ X86_VENDOR_TRANSMETA,
+ X86_VENDOR_NSC,
+ X86_VENDOR_SIS,
+ X86_VENDOR_ANY = 0xfe,
+ X86_VENDOR_UNKNOWN = 0xff
+};
+
+struct cpuid_result {
+ uint32_t eax;
+ uint32_t ebx;
+ uint32_t ecx;
+ uint32_t edx;
+};
+
+/*
+ * Generic CPUID function
+ */
+static inline struct cpuid_result cpuid(int op)
+{
+ struct cpuid_result result;
+ asm volatile(
+ "mov %%ebx, %%edi;"
+ "cpuid;"
+ "mov %%ebx, %%esi;"
+ "mov %%edi, %%ebx;"
+ : "=a" (result.eax),
+ "=S" (result.ebx),
+ "=c" (result.ecx),
+ "=d" (result.edx)
+ : "0" (op)
+ : "edi");
+ return result;
+}
+
+/*
+ * Generic Extended CPUID function
+ */
+static inline struct cpuid_result cpuid_ext(int op, unsigned ecx)
+{
+ struct cpuid_result result;
+ asm volatile(
+ "mov %%ebx, %%edi;"
+ "cpuid;"
+ "mov %%ebx, %%esi;"
+ "mov %%edi, %%ebx;"
+ : "=a" (result.eax),
+ "=S" (result.ebx),
+ "=c" (result.ecx),
+ "=d" (result.edx)
+ : "0" (op), "2" (ecx)
+ : "edi");
+ return result;
+}
+
+/*
+ * CPUID functions returning a single datum
+ */
+static inline unsigned int cpuid_eax(unsigned int op)
+{
+ unsigned int eax;
+
+ __asm__("mov %%ebx, %%edi;"
+ "cpuid;"
+ "mov %%edi, %%ebx;"
+ : "=a" (eax)
+ : "0" (op)
+ : "ecx", "edx", "edi");
+ return eax;
+}
+
+static inline unsigned int cpuid_ebx(unsigned int op)
+{
+ unsigned int eax, ebx;
+
+ __asm__("mov %%ebx, %%edi;"
+ "cpuid;"
+ "mov %%ebx, %%esi;"
+ "mov %%edi, %%ebx;"
+ : "=a" (eax), "=S" (ebx)
+ : "0" (op)
+ : "ecx", "edx", "edi");
+ return ebx;
+}
+
+static inline unsigned int cpuid_ecx(unsigned int op)
+{
+ unsigned int eax, ecx;
- /**
+ __asm__("mov %%ebx, %%edi;"
+ "cpuid;"
+ "mov %%edi, %%ebx;"
+ : "=a" (eax), "=c" (ecx)
+ : "0" (op)
+ : "edx", "edi");
+ return ecx;
+}
+
+static inline unsigned int cpuid_edx(unsigned int op)
+{
+ unsigned int eax, edx;
+
+ __asm__("mov %%ebx, %%edi;"
+ "cpuid;"
+ "mov %%edi, %%ebx;"
+ : "=a" (eax), "=d" (edx)
+ : "0" (op)
+ : "ecx", "edi");
+ return edx;
+}
+
+/* Standard macro to see if a specific flag is changeable */
+static inline int flag_is_changeable_p(uint32_t flag)
+{
+ uint32_t f1, f2;
+
+ asm(
+ "pushfl\n\t"
+ "pushfl\n\t"
+ "popl %0\n\t"
+ "movl %0,%1\n\t"
+ "xorl %2,%0\n\t"
+ "pushl %0\n\t"
+ "popfl\n\t"
+ "pushfl\n\t"
+ "popl %0\n\t"
+ "popfl\n\t"
+ : "=&r" (f1), "=&r" (f2)
+ : "ir" (flag));
+ return ((f1^f2) & flag) != 0;
+}
+
+/**
* cpu_enable_paging_pae() - Enable PAE-paging
*
- * @pdpt: Value to set in cr3 (PDPT or PML4T)
+ * @cr3: Value to set in cr3 (PDPT or PML4T)
*/
void cpu_enable_paging_pae(ulong cr3);
@@ -27,6 +171,22 @@ void cpu_disable_paging_pae(void);
int cpu_has_64bit(void);
/**
+ * cpu_vendor_name() - Get CPU vendor name
+ *
+ * @vendor: CPU vendor enumeration number
+ *
+ * @return: Address to hold the CPU vendor name string
+ */
+const char *cpu_vendor_name(int vendor);
+
+/**
+ * fill_processor_name() - Get processor name
+ *
+ * @processor_name: Address to hold the processor name string
+ */
+void fill_processor_name(char *processor_name);
+
+/**
* cpu_call64() - Jump to a 64-bit Linux kernel (internal function)
*
* The kernel is uncompressed and the 64-bit entry point is expected to be
diff --git a/arch/x86/include/asm/global_data.h b/arch/x86/include/asm/global_data.h
index 9eae228677..3e3073ae5c 100644
--- a/arch/x86/include/asm/global_data.h
+++ b/arch/x86/include/asm/global_data.h
@@ -13,6 +13,11 @@
/* Architecture-specific global data */
struct arch_global_data {
struct global_data *gd_addr; /* Location of Global Data */
+ uint8_t x86; /* CPU family */
+ uint8_t x86_vendor; /* CPU vendor */
+ uint8_t x86_model;
+ uint8_t x86_mask;
+ uint32_t x86_device;
uint64_t tsc_base; /* Initial value returned by rdtsc() */
uint32_t tsc_base_kclocks; /* Initial tsc as a kclocks value */
uint32_t tsc_prev; /* For show_boot_progress() */
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